Teaching children to read and write involves various components, and one of the most crucial yet often overlooked is the concept of consonant digraphs. Unlike blends, where each letter in the pair maintains its individual sound, a consonant digraph is a pair of consonants that together produce a single, distinct sound. For instance, the ‘sh’ in ‘ship’ or the ‘ch’ in ‘chop’ are examples of consonant digraphs. Understanding consonant digraphs is vital for children as it significantly impacts their spelling, pronunciation, and comprehension skills.

Why Are Consonant Digraphs So Important?

  1. Phonemic Awareness: One of the foundational skills in literacy is phonemic awareness, and understanding consonant digraphs plays a significant role in developing this skill. It helps children recognize that even though there are two letters in a digraph, they produce a single sound. This understanding is crucial for decoding words and contributes to reading fluency.
  2. Vocabulary Building: As children become more comfortable with the concept of digraphs, they find it easier to decode new words, which in turn expands their vocabulary. This skill is not only beneficial for reading but also aids in comprehension and expressive language development.
  3. Reading Fluency: Mastery over the concept of consonant digraphs can dramatically improve a child’s reading fluency. When children can effortlessly identify and pronounce digraphs, they can read more smoothly, understand the text better, and even enjoy the reading process more.

Digraph vs Blend: Eliminating the Confusion

The English language is filled with intricacies, and two terms that often get mixed up are ‘digraph’ and ‘blend.’ These terms may seem similar, but they serve distinct functions in language learning and literacy. In a blend, each letter in the pair maintains its individual sound. For example, in the word ‘black,’ the ‘b’ and ‘l’ sounds are both heard. Similarly, in the word ‘green,’ the ‘g’ and ‘r’ sounds are distinct.

On the flip side, a digraph is a pair of consonants that come together to produce a single, unique sound. For instance, the ‘sh’ in ‘ship’ produces just one sound, as does the ‘ch’ in ‘chop.’ Understanding the difference between digraph vs blend is not just a linguistic nuance; it’s a critical aspect of effective literacy instruction. This knowledge equips children with the ability to differentiate between the two types of letter combinations, making it significantly easier for them to decode words. This, in turn, has a cascading positive effect on their spelling abilities, reading skills, and overall linguistic development.

Engaging Ways to Teach Consonant Digraphs

Learning about consonant digraphs doesn’t have to be a dull or daunting task. In fact, there are a plethora of engaging digraph activities for kids that can make the educational journey both enjoyable and impactful. One popular activity is digraph bingo, where children can match digraph-containing words to their bingo cards as the words are called out. This game not only helps in recognizing digraphs but also adds a fun, competitive element to the learning process.

Another creative way to teach digraphs is through storytelling sessions that incorporate digraph words. Children can be encouraged to come up with imaginative tales that use a list of digraph words, thereby applying their understanding of the concept in a real-world context. This not only enhances their vocabulary but also helps them understand the practical application of consonant digraphs.

Other activities can include digraph puzzles, where kids match pictures to digraph words, or digraph scavenger hunts, where they search for items around the house that contain digraphs in their names. These activities serve as practical tools for reinforcing the understanding of consonant digraphs and can be particularly useful in clearing up any lingering confusion between digraph vs blend. They offer children a well-rounded, comprehensive understanding of these essential literacy concepts, setting them up for success in their educational journey.


Understanding the intricacies of the English language can be a complex task, but it’s an essential one for developing strong literacy skills. The concepts of digraphs and blends, often confused, serve unique roles in language learning. Knowing the difference between digraph vs blend is not just a matter of linguistic detail; it’s a cornerstone for effective literacy education. This understanding enables children to decode words more efficiently, positively impacting their spelling, reading, and overall language development.

Moreover, teaching these concepts doesn’t have to be a monotonous affair. There are numerous engaging digraph activities for kids that make the learning process both fun and effective. From competitive games like digraph bingo to creative exercises like storytelling, these activities offer practical ways to reinforce the understanding of consonant digraphs. They also serve as excellent tools for clearing up any confusion between digraphs and blends, providing a well-rounded education in these critical literacy concepts.

So, as you embark on the journey of teaching or learning about digraphs, remember that understanding these fundamental concepts can set the stage for a lifetime of literacy success.